The approaces to Ethical Investment can be divided into four sectors: Negative Screening: excludes unethical activities, avoiding investment in companies that are involved in activities ranging from Fossil fuels, to pornography, tobacco and GMOs; Positive Screening: seeking out companies that make positive contributions, from working conditions to animal welfare, organic and sustainable product or renewable energy; Socially Responsible Investing: using investment to encourage sustainable working practices; High Social Impact Investing: funding enterprise and initiatives aimning to bring about positive social and environmental change. The performance of ethical funds compares very well to those without ethical screening. They may be more volatile in the short term, but there is no evidence that investing your capital in ethical markets will adversely affect your long term performance.